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G major scale lesson part 1

G major scale lesson part 1

Understanding the scale (with charts and exercises)

What is a  scale?

A scale is a series of notes within an octave.

What is the Major scale?

The Major (or Ionian) scale uses the following formula –

Whole step – whole step -half step – whole step – whole step – whole step – half step.

if you play on Just the low E string a whole step is equal to two frets (2 semitones) and a half step is equal to one fret. (1 semitone)

Below are the notes for the C major scale – see if you can understand the method above by playing the notes of the c major scale.








Finish on C

The notes are numbered 1- 7 .



Now here is the Major Scale in Every Key

C = C – D – E – F – G – A – B – C
D = D – E – F# – G – A – B – C# – D
E = E – F# – G# – A – B – C# – D# – E
F = F – G – A – Bb – C – D – E – F
G = G – A – B – C – D – E – F# – G
A = A – B – C# – D – E – F# – G# – A
B = B – C# – D# – E – F# – G# – A# – B
C# = C# – D# – E# (=F) – F# – G# – A# – B# (=C) – C#
Db = Db – Eb – F – Gb – Ab – Bb – C – Db
Eb = Eb – F – G – Ab – Bb – C – D -Eb
F# = F# – G# – A# – B – C# – D# – E# (=F) – F#
Gb = Gb – Ab – Bb – Cb (=B) – Db – Eb – F – Gb
Ab = Ab – Bb – C – Db – Eb – F – G – Ab
Bb = Bb – C – D – Eb – F – G – A – Bb

Look at the chart attached for The G major scale and learn position 1 today and in lesson 2 we will go into more depth.

See attached the G major scale PDF –

Keep practising and in no time you will be able to do loads with this scale alone in one position

G major scale


The three scales you must know!



Aaron here again.

I want to look at the three scales every guitarist should know.  There is never a perfect order to learn these but what I find is students who are confident in using these scales can easily go on and learn different ones and modes. (More on modes in a future blog)

These three scales are all great for pop, rock, jazz and metal.  Basically any modern style of music.  Let’ss have a look at the first one.

The minor pentatonic scale

Well, if you don’t know this you should learn it now!  Best advice you will hear all week.

Scale formula is as follows

Root, b3rd, 4th, 5th, b6th

Or the A minor scale notes are

A, C, D, E, G.

That’s only five notes but more than enough to emulate some of most popular riffs, licks and solos of all time

The blues scale

The blues scale is very similar to the minor pentatonic scale except it has the addition of a b5th note.

Scale formula –

R, b3rd, 4th, b5th, 5th and b6th

A blues scale – A, C, D, D#, E, G

Commonly used in Blues (duh!) music and by players likE Eric Clapton and John Mayer.

The b5th note is amazing for those fast licks.  It is a note often played quickly and adds flavour to an otherwise pentatonic scale.

and finally

The Major scale

There’s a little clip for anyone who remembers it.

The major scale formula is as follows

Root, 2nd, 3rd,4th,5th,6th,7th.

C major as follows

C, D, E, F, G, A, B

The Major scale is great for improvisation, try using the following backing track to come up with melodies and licks for fun.

Use all three scales and listen to the flavour of each scale.